Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji
Guru comes from two words Gu + Ru. Gu means darkness and Ru means light, Guru is thus that which takes your from darkness (ignorance or “not knowing) to light (knowledge).
Granth means scriptures and Sahib means that which is elevated to the greatest respect, King of Kings. The Guru Granth Sahib for the Sikhs and many others is a living scripture alive with the divine light manifested within the world by Guru Nanak.
The Guru Granth Sahib is the spiritual authority for the Sikhs and Naam (the ontological category of reality) contained in the Guru Granth Sahib is its mystical authority.
The Guru Granth Sahib was divinely inspired, contains the compositions of six of the ten Sikh Gurus, seventeen Bhagats and eleven Bhatts, (poet-musicians) who lived during the life times of the third, fourth and fifth Gurus.
The Guru Granth Sahib is the teacher that teaches and enables one to achieve self-realisation self-growth, purpose and selfless expression.
The Guru Granth is unique for it contains the actual compositions of the gurus and mystics composed at the time of the revelation as opposed to scriptures that were composed hundreds of years after the demise of their founders. The first Guru Granth Sahib was enthroned at Harmandir Sahib, the Golden Temple by the Guru Arjun Dev ji, the fifth guru of the Sikhs in 1608.
Uniquely amongst all world scriptures, the Guru Granth Sahib starts with the numeral 1 or Ik, followed by the Gurmukhi letter Oora with an extended curve representing the infinite divine Presence as Existence through the cyclic trinity of manifestation, sustaining and destruction. Guru Granth Sahib is the teacher of Sikhs. Sikhism is a Panentheist ((pân) "all"; (en) "in"; and (theós) "God"; "all-in-God") system which posits that God exists and interpenetrates every part of nature, and timelessly extends beyond as well, Akal Purekh or Parmatman.
Akal Purekh, Akal means timeless and Purekh means Consciousness, therefore Akal Purekh or Timeless Consciousness is the ground of all existence, transcendental and immanent, inherently sacred, compassionate, joyous and unchanging. Akal Purekh is the ultimate nature of Reality, whose varieties of manifestations are the world of phenomena, Oongkaar.
Phenomena is anything that is or can in principle be an object of consciousness, all phenomena exist in time and some in space too. Akal Purekh or Parmatman, ultimate reality is unborn, uncreated, undying and therefore immortal and timeless. Akal Purekh cannot be confused with God(s) worshipped by people. For Akal was there before time and space, is present within this existence of time and space, its Presence is in the here and now, and will always be. Never was there a time when he was not, and never will there be a time when he will not be. Akal is beyond description, formless, unknowable and yet ever present.
A Human being has atman, pure contentless consciousness not to be mistaken for ego or (jiva) the psycho-physiological composite. In the world-view of Guru Nanak, all human beings are divine; it is only their illusion (Haimai = ego) that keeps them ignorant to this basic reality of their existence. This ego is further strengthened through conditioning individual minds and enhancing selfishless.